Chapter 13: Food in the time of Corona — References

Page 195

“respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)”

M.A. Matthay et al. “Treatment for Severe Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome from Covid-19,” Lancet Respir. Med. 8 (5)  (2020): 433.


“has affected young children in New York City”

R.M. Viner and E. Whittaker. “Kawasaki-Like Disease: Emerging Complication During the Covid-19 Pandemic,” Lancet 395 (10239) (2020): 1741.


“and Italy”

L. Verdoni et al. “An Outbreak of Severe Kawasaki-Like Disease at the Italian Epicentre of the SARS-CoV-2 Epidemic: An Observational Cohort Study,” Lancet 395 (10239) (2020): 1771.


“blood clots formed in the cytokine storm”

A.E. Cha.  “Young and Middle-Aged People, Barely Sick with Covid-19, Are Dying of Strokes.” Washington Post, Apr 25, 2020.


“angiotensin-converting enzyme-2 (ACE2)”

S.R. Bornstein et al. “Endocrine and Metabolic Link to Coronavirus Infection,” Nat. Rev. Endocrinol. 16 (6)  (2020): 297.


“inducing insulin resistance”

E.J. Henriksen and M. Prasannarong. “The Role of the Renin-Angiotensin System in the Development of Insulin Resistance in Skeletal Muscle,” Mol. Cell Endocrinol. 378 (1-2)  (2013): 15.


“inducing insulin resistance”

T.T. Shi et al. “Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme 2 Regulates Mitochondrial Function in Pancreatic β-Cells,” Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 495 (1)  (2018): 860.


“such as the kidney”

M. Riera et al. “Effect of Insulin on ACE2 Activity and Kidney Function in the Non-Obese Diabetic Mouse,” PLoS One 9 (1)  (2014): e84683.


“expression on cell membranes”

E.S. Salem et al. “Insulin Treatment Attenuates Renal ADAM17 and ACE2 Shedding in Diabetic Akita Mice,” Am. J. Physiol. Renal Physiol. 306 (6)  (2014): F629.


“expression on cell membranes”

H. Roca‐Ho et al. “Characterization of ACE and ACE2 Expression within Different Organs of the Non-Obese Diabetic Mouse,” Int. J. Mol. Sci. 18 (3)  (2017): 563.

Page 196
“which is what actually kills you”
M. Li et al. “Pro- and Anti-Inflammatory Effects of Short Chain Fatty Acids on Immune and Endothelial Cells,” Eur. J. Pharmacol. 831 (2018): 52.
“while fiber could reverse it”
G. Anderson and R.J. Reiter. “Melatonin: Roles in Influenza, Covid-19, and Other Viral Infections,” Rev. Med. Virol. 30 (3) (2020): e2109.
“cells to be infected”
A. Brufsky. “Hyperglycemia, Hydroxychloroquine, and the Covid‐19 Pandemic,” j. Med. Virol. 92 (7) (2020): 770.
“succumb to the infection”
W. Guan et al. “Clinical Characteristics of Coronavirus Disease 2019 in China,” N. Engl. J. Med. 382 (18) (2020): 1708.
“at all ages and BMI levels”
S.M. Haffner et al. “Increased Insulin Resistance and Insulin Secretion in Non-Diabetic African-Americans and Hispanics Compared with Non-Hispanic Whites: The Insulin Resistance Atherosclerosis Study,” Diabetes 45 (6) (1996): 742.
“at all ages and BMI levels”
S.A. Arslanian et al. “Hyperinsulinemia in African-American Children. Decreased Insulin Clearance and Increased Insulin Secretion and Its Relationship to Insulin Sensitivity,” Diabetes 51 (10) (2002): 3014.
“resistant with high insulin levels”
F. Abbasi et al. “Discrimination between Obesity and Insulin Resistance in the Relationship with Adiponectin,” Diabetes 53 (3)  (2004): 585.
“directly linked to the cytokine storm”
C.J. Andersen et al. “Impact of Obesity and Metabolic Syndrome on Immunity,” Adv. Nutr. 7 (1)  (2018): 68.
“independent risk factor for death”
J.K. Louie et al. “A Novel Risk Factor for a Novel Virus: Obesity and 2009 Pandemic Influenza A (H1N1),” Clin. Infect. Dis. 52 (3) (2011): 301.
“more likely to end up hospitalized”
J. Lighter et al. “Obesity in Patients Younger Than 60 Years Is a Risk Factor for Covid-19 Hospital Admission,” Clinical Infectious Diseases 71 (15) (2020): 896.
“often resulting in obesity”
C.J. Nolan and M. Prentki. “Insulin Resistance and Insulin Hypersecretion in the Metabolic Syndrome and Type 2 Diabetes: Time for a Conceptual Framework Shift,” Diab. Vasc. Dis. Res. 16 (2) (2019): 118.

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